Who is the author of ‘Neel Darpan’ a book written on the miserable condition of indigo farmers?

(A) Bankim Chandra Chatterji
(B) Dinbandhu Mitra
(C) Sharat Chandra Chatterji
(D) Rabindranath Tagore

Correct Answer : Dinbandhu Mitra
Question Asked : 42nd BPSC (Pre) 1997
Explanation : Indigo Revolt (1859-60) took place in Bengal immediately after the revolt of 1857. Sanyasi Rebellion occurred in 1763-1800, Santhal Rebellion occurred in 1855-66, and Pabna uprising took place in 1873-76. Indigo Revolt began from Govindpur village of Nadiya district in West Bengal led by two former employees of indigo producers. Digambar Biswas and Vishnu Biswas who organized the peasant into a counter force and refused to sow indigo. This indigo revolt of Bengal was directed against British planters who forced peasants to take advances and sign fraudulent contracts which forced the peasants to grow Indigo under terms which were least profitable to them. In September, 1859 all the cultivators revolted against the landlords. The agitation spread in regions like Nadiya, Pabna, Khulna, Dhaka, Malda, Denazpur, etc. All indigo factories were shut down due to this strike. The intellectual class of Bengal expressed support to the Movement by their articles and rallies. The editor of “Hindu Patriot” Harishchandra Mukherjee played a significant role in this agitation. This revolt was vividly portrayed by Dinbandhu Mitra in his play Neel Darpan enacted in 1869.
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