Who was the first Muslim ruler to formulate the ‘Theory of Kingship’ similar to the theory of divine right of the kings?

(A) Aibak
(B) Iltutamish
(C) Balban
(D) Alauddin
(E) None of the above

Correct Answer : Balban
Question Asked : 63rd BPSC (Pre.) Exam 2018
Explanation : The theory of kingship pro-pounded by Balban led to the adoption of the policy of blood and iron. Balban was convinced that the only way to face the internal and external dangers was to increase the power and prestige of the Sultan (King). Balban said that the king was the representative of God on the earth and Kingship was a divine institution. He declared this to make the nobles believe that he got the crown or the Kingship not through their mercy but by the mercy of God.
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