Scientific Names of Plants Trees Fruits Spices & Vegetables

Scientists have given every recognized species on the planet its scientific names to visually identify them to prevent confusion. In the easiest level of scientific classification, every scientific name is composed of two components – a generic (or genus) title and a particular title or epithet. Collectively, both of these titles are known as a binomial. The generic title refers to the collective name for a set of an organism, here plants and creatures. All of them evolve from a common ancestor. The particular name differentiates between distinct organism using a genus. The first portion of the name is written using the generic title. It begins using capital letters. By Way of Example, Pyrus. By way of instance, malus. Thus, the complete scientific name of Apple is going to probably be Pyrus malus.

Following is the listing of frequent scientific name mainly requested in the competitive examination.

Scientific Names of Vegetables

S.No Common Name Scientific Name
1. Brinjal Solanum melongena
2. Capsicum Capsicum fruitscence
3. Carrot Daucas carota
4. Cucumber Cucumis sativas
5. Onion Allium cepa
6. Potato Solanum tubersum
7. Radish Raphanus sativus
8. Spinach Lactuca sativa
9. Tomato Lycopersican esculentum

Scientific Names of Cereal, Pulses, Millets

1.

Black Gram

Plasoes Mungo
2. Bean Fabaceae
3. Cabbage Brassica oleracea
4. Green Gram Phaseolies auicus
5. Horse Gram Dolichos biffoeus
6. Jowar Sorghum Vulgare
7. Maize Zea Mays
8. Red Gram Cojonus Cgjan
9. Rice Oryza Sativa, Oryza Glaberrima
10. Wheat Triticum Aestivum

Scientific Names of Fruits

1. Apple Pyrus malus
2. Banana Musa paradisicum
3. Chiku Achras sapota
4. Guava Psidium guava
5. Jack fruit Artocarpus integra
6. Lemon Citrus Limonium
7. Mango Mangifera indica
8. Mulberry Morus
9. Orange Citrus aurantium
10. Pear Pyrus
11. Pineapple Ananus sativus
12. Pomegranate Punica granatum
13. Strawberry Fragaria × ananassa
14. Sweet Patato Ipomoea batatas
15. Watermelon Citrullus vulgaris

Scientific Names of Spices

1.

Black Pepper

Piper nigrum
2. Clove Syzygium aromaticum
3. Garlic Allium Sativum
4. Ginger Zingiber officinale
5. Turmeric Curcuma longa

Scientific Names of Plants and Trees

1. Bamboo Bamboosa Aridinarifolia
2. Banyan Ficus Benghalensis
3. Coconut Cocos nucifera
4. Coffee Plant Coffea spp.
5. Cotton Gossypium Herbaceum
6. Kadamb Anthocephalus indicus
7. Lemon Citrus limonium
8. Neem Azadirachta Indica
9. Olive Olea europaea
10. Peacock Flower (Gulmohar) Delonix regia rafin
11. Peanut Arachis hypogaea
12. Peepal Ficus religiosa Linn.
13. Purple orchid tree (Kachnar) Bauhinia purpurea
14. Rose Rosa
15. Saffron Crocus sativus
16. Sandalwood Santalum Album
17. Silver Oak Grevillea robusta
18. Sugarcane Saccharum
19. Sunflower Helianthus annuus
20. Tamarind tree Tamarindus indica
21. Tea Camellia sinensis
22. Teak Tectona grandis Linn.
23. Tobacco Nicotine Tobaccum
24. Tulsi Ocimum Sanctum

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