Pablo Picasso (full name: Pablo Ruiz y Picasso) was born on 25th October 1881 in the city of Malaga in Spain. He was a Spanish painter, sculptor, ceramicist, stage designer and printmaker. He has been regarded as the most influential artists of the modern 20th century. Pablo Picasso is known for the invention of constructed sculpture, co-invention of college and the Cubist movement. One of his proclaimed works “Guernica” in 1937 is a portrayal of the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War.
He was born to father Don José Ruiz y Blasco and mother Maria Picasso y Lopez. Don José was a painter by profession and for most of his life was a professor of art at the School of Crafts. Picasso showed a passion and a skill for drawing from an early age. From the age of seven, Picasso received formal artistic training from his father in figure drawing and oil painting.
In 1895, the family moved to Barcelona where Ruiz became a faculty at School of Fine Arts. He made Pablo took the admission and start his school training. Later he went to Madrid’s Royal Academy of San Fernando, the country’s foremost art school where he got interested in the ‘Prado’ housed paintings by Diego Velázquez, Francisco Goya, and Francisco Zurbarán.
Picasso’s training under his father began before 1890. Most of his work is collected at the Museu Picasso in Barcelona. His juvenile work of mid-1980s is well displayed in The First Communion (1896), a large composition that depicts his sister, Lola.
Picasso made his first trip to Paris (the art Capital of Europe) in 1900 and from here he began the era of ‘Modern Art’. He started with “Blue Period” (1901-1904) where he used shades of blue and blue-green to characterize the somber period. Then came “Rose Period” (1904-1906) which was characterized by a more cheery style with orange and pink colors. From 1907-1909 Picasso brought “African-influenced Period” where his paintings were themed around two figures. Later followed the “Cubism” period (1909-1912) in which the work is based on the shapes of the objects using monochrome brownish and neutral colors.
At the End
In the 1940s Picasso started working on sculptor making. His final works were a mixture of styles, and from 1968 to 1971 he produced hundreds of paintings and copperplate etchings sculptors. His work is now termed as “Modern Art”. Pablo Picasso died on 8th April 1973 in Mougins, France.