Albert Einstein was born on 14th March, 1879 at Ulm, in the Kingdom of Württemberg in the German Empire. He was the famous figure of 20th century for his contributions to theoretical physics. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics. His mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 is considered to be the world famous equation. In 1921, Albert Einstein received Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of the law of ‘photoelectric effect’. This launched him to international superstardom and his name became a household word synonymous with genius all over the world.
Albert Einstein was born to Hermann Einstein who was a salesman and engineer,
and mother Pauline Einstein. During his childhood days his father once showed
him a pocket compass. This made Einstein realized that having apparent empty
space around still there must be something causing the needle to move. Since
then Einstein showed keen interest in mathematics and science.
Albert attended a Catholic elementary school from the age of five for three
years. At the age of eight, he was transferred to the Luitpold Gymnasium (now
known as the Albert Einstein Gymnasium), where he received advanced primary and
secondary school education. In 1894, when family moved to Italy he attended the
Argovian cantonal school (gymnasium) in Aarau, Switzerland to complete his
Albert Einstein acquired Swiss citizenship in February 1901, and later he
obtained a job in Bern at the Federal Office for Intellectual Property, the
patent office. He was an assistant examiner who was responsible for the
evaluation of patent applications for electromagnetic devices. In 1903,
Einstein's position at the Swiss Patent Office became permanent, where he fully
mastered machine technology.
During same time at Bern, Einstein along with his few known friends founded “The
Olympia Academy". This academy was a place for carrying discussions on science
and philosophy inviting the subject enthusiasts.
At the End
In 1933, Germany saw the rise of power of the Nazis under new chancellor, Adolf
Hitler. Nazi government banned Jews from taking any official positions and
announced killing of great scientists like Albert Einstein. Since then Einstein
kept moving around the world. He lived as refugee before taking US citizenship
On 17th April 1955, Albert Einstein died in Princeton because of internal
bleeding. During Autopsy Thomas Harvey, the pathologist of Princeton Hospital,
removed and preserved Einstein's brain in the hope that the neuroscience of the
future would be able to discover what made Einstein so intelligent.
Indian History Quiz Questions and Answers