Here are the list of some top Research Institutes in India. There are hundreds of Research Institutes all over India. Knowing these may very helpful to you for the upcoming government competitive exams and will increase your intelligence skills.

Agriculture & Allied Activities
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Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur (Rajasthan)
- Cotton Technological Research Laboratory, Mumbai (Maharashtra)
- Central Rice Research Institute, Cuttack (Odisha)
- Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, Kasargod (Kerala)
- Central Potato Research Institute, Simla (Himachal Pradesh)
- Central Tobacco Research Institute, Rajamundry (Andhra Pradesh)
- Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala)
- Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Kamal (Haryana)
- Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore (West Bengal)
- Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Mandapam Camp (Tamil Nadu)
- Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, Ernakulam (Kerala)
- Deep Sea Fishing Research Station, Mumbai (Maharashtra)
- Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar (Rajasthan)

Medical
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Nutrition Research Laboratory, Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh)
- Virus Research Centre, Kolkata
- Polio Research Unit, Mumbai
- School of Tropical Medicines, Kolkata
- National Institute of Communicable Diseases, New Delhi
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
- Central Leprosy Research Institute, Chennai
- Hoffkine Institute, Mumbai (for Plague Research)
- Indian Cancer Research Centre, Mumbai
- Central Research Institute, Kasauli, Himachal Pradesh
- Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh)
- National Institute of Research in Indigenous Systems of Medicine, Jamnagar (Gujarat)

Science and Technology
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National Chemical Laboratory, Pune
- National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi
- Central Fuel Research Institute, Dhanbad
- Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Jadavpur
- Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore
- National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur
- Central Road Research Institute, New Delhi
- Central Leather Research Institute, Chennai
- Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee
- Central Salt and Marine Chemical Research Institute, Bhavnagar
- Central Mining Research Station, Dhanbad
- Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Durgapur
- National Aeronautical Laboratory, Bangalore
- Indian Institute of Petroleum, Dehradun
- Central Scientific Instrumentation Organisation, Chandigarh
- National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad
- National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad
- Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, Lucknow