Human Influenced Facts
Every year we throw away 24 million tons of leaves and grass. Leaves alone account for 75% of our solid waste in the fall.
Over 100 pesticide ingredients are suspected to cause birth defects, cancer, and gene mutations.
Every ton of recycled office paper saves 380 gallons of oil.
About 1% of U.S. landfill space is full of disposable diapers, which take 500 years to decompose.
Americans use 50 million tons of paper annually -- consuming more than 850 million trees.
Homeowners use up to 10 times more toxic chemicals per acre than farmers.
By turning down your central heating thermostat one degree, fuel consumption is cut by as much as 10%.
Insulating your attic reduces the amount of energy loss in most houses by up to 20%.
Every day 40,000 children die from preventable diseases.
The human population of the world is expected to be nearly tripled by the year 2100.
The world's per capita grain production has been on the downfall since 1985 despite the use of fertilizers and pesticides.
Fibre optics, made of glass, are being used to replace copper cables throughout the world.
Every day 50 to 100 species of plants and animals become extinct as their habitat and human influences destroy them.

The Earth
Deserts are advancing and taking over the land. In Mali the desert has taken over about 220 miles in as few as 20 years. Deserts can be repelled, by developing tree-planting projects, having better agriculture and by managing the land better. However, governments still are reluctant to fund anti-desertification, despite horrific droughts that have occurred in recent years.
The Earth has been around for 4.6 billion years. Scaling this time down to 46 years we have been around for 4 hours and our Industrial Revolution began just 1 minute ago. During this short time period we have ransacked the planet for ways to get fuels and raw materials, have been the cause of extinction of an unthinkable amount of plants and animals, and have multiplied our population to that of a plague.
Despite all of the damage we have caused the environment most of it is reversible. We can restore habitats and return species to them; clean rivers; renovate buildings; replenish the topsoil, replant forests. However, these activities do not relieve the worst symptoms of the damage. We still have to fix the source of these problems, us and our vision that we must progress.

The Rainforest
In Peninsular Malaysia, more tree species are found in 125 acres of Tropical Forest than in the entire North America.
In Peru a single bush may contain more ant species than in the British Isles.
A study has shown that there are possibly over 30 million species of insects dwelling in the canopies of tropical forests.
63,000 square miles of Rainforests are being destroyed each year.
Rainforests higher than 3,000 feet above sea level are called cloud forests.
Already over half of the world's tropical forests have been lost.
Madagascar is the home to a rainforest where 60 percent of it's 12,000 different plant species are unique to that island.
When you visit a pharmacist, one in every four purchases will have come from a tropical forest.
Medicine produced in tropical forests bring in commercially 30 billion dollars a year.
Greater than a quarter of our rainforest is in Brazil.

Interesting Animal Facts
Penguins live only in the Southern Hemisphere and never in the Northern Hemisphere.
A porcupine loves salt so much that it would walk into a camp and gnaw on anything that has been touched by salt or even by perspiring hands.
The tip of an elephant's trunk is so sensitive and flexible that it can pick up a pin.
If a mole does not find food within 12 hours, it will die. Its chief food consists of insects and earthworms.
Bolas spiders snare moths by producing chemicals similar to pheromones used by several species of female moths to attract mates.
Some giant land turtles are able to bellow.
No one knows what happens to the seahorse during winter as it is only seen during the summertime.
There is a species in the river Nile in Egypt that avoids its enemies by swimming with its black belly up and its white back down.
The arctic tern, a migrating bird is able to travel back and forth as much as 22000 miles in a course of a year.
The nest that an osprey is a huge and attractive one which is unhidden from sight and the bird adds new material each year to the same old nest. The nest can weigh up to 450 kilograms.

The Open Range
The Grasslands cover one-fifth of the land on Earth.
The majority of grasslands are found around the tropics.
Natural grasslands are; the savannahs of Africa, the North American prairies, and in southern USSR-the dry steppes.
Semi-natural grasslands are where the forest has been cleared and grazing, cutting or burning maintains the grass cover. Tending to be more productive most South and South-East Asian grasslands are semi-natural grasslands.
The temperate grassland soil contains a lot of organic material (more than the tropical)
Source: http://thinkquest.org